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Why Don’t EUC’s Have Internal Brakes?
In Electric Unicycles, there is nothing like realistic braking! Yes, you heard me right.
If you want to break in an electric unicycle, you lean backwards instead of forward, decreasing torque.
As soon as you start leaning forward, the motors that drive your EUC will reverse their direction of rotation, temporarily turning into generators.
Electric unicycles do not have internal brakes due to their built and design. They are meant to use a regenerative braking system, and this does not require internal brakes. The motors are the ones that are reversing to decelerate.
Therefore, the most accurate way of describing this situation is “reversing” but not braking. But let’s assume the term braking for this article.
Therefore, if you were wondering, why don’t EUC’s have internal brakes? There is no need for that.
When you lean backward and your electric unicycle starts to decelerate, the same acceleration rules are at play.
What takes the day is not the motor power on modern wheels but your ability as a rider.
Do All Electric Skateboards Have A Remote?
Not exactly, but most electric skateboards in modern times are remote-controlled, the board and the remote connecting via Bluetooth.
This is an efficient technology, howbeit with some shortcomings.
Indeed, some remote-controlled boards have been reported as having hurled their riders from the boards after they abruptly stopped.
Unfortunately, the same Bluetooth technology has been used by hackers to settle scores with their enemies.
All a hacker needs to do is to hijack an electric board and gain control over it without the rider’s knowledge. At will, the hacker can stop the board abruptly to hurt the rider.
This is one reason some riders don’t want anything to do with remote-controlled skateboards. Luckily, not all electric skateboards are remote-controlled.
But there is no need to throw away such wonderful technology for fear of hackers.
A program has already been developed to allow a user complete control of their electric skateboard with FacePlant.
Remember, when a hacker pinpoints an electric skateboard’s signal, it’s easy for them to hack and gain control of the board.
If you use a skateboard that does not have a remote, hackers can’t intercept signals between your board and the remote, so it would be safe.
Do You Need A License To Drive An Electric Scooter In Québec?
It depends. You don’t require a license to drive an electric scooter in Quebec if you are above 18 years of age. Indeed, owning an electric skateboard in Quebec is easy.
In Canada, these vehicles are subjected to laws that are very similar to a traditional bicycle.
This means that there is no requirement for plates, a license, or insurance to own or operate.
Additionally, electric scooters can be used on all roads except highways. There are some restrictions on licensing, but it’s not required for riders over the age of 18.
Younger riders (14 to 17 years of age) require a Class 6D license, bearing authorization to operate a scooter, a moped, or an e-bike.
There is a minimum age requirement for riders in Quebec as they must attain the age of 14.
Generally, in Canada, Power Assisted Bicycles are under Federal law, but each province can make minor changes such as age requirements.
Additionally, each municipality is at liberty to make changes regarding where they are allowed to be used.
All in all, Power Assisted Bicycles (electric bikes, e-scooters, electric scooters, e-bikes) are encouraged by every level of Government in Canada.
In all eight provinces in Canada including, Manitoba, British Columbia, Alberta, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Ontario, Quebec, and Saskatchewan;
Electric scooters are accepted for use without any requirement for licensing. However, there are several regulations peculiar to all eight provinces.
But in all the provinces, electric scooters are limited to an output of 500 W. Again, and they have a speed limit of not higher than 32km/h.
Riding an electric scooter in Quebec requires the rider to wear an approved helmet.Procuring an electric scooter in Quebec is not hard.
Bicycles considered power-assisted can be imported without severe restrictions, as you see in cars and other vehicles.
Do You Need A License For A Scooter In Canada?
In Canada, the general situation is that you must be14 years to drive a scooter, holding a class 6D license.
Alternatively, you are considered legally viable to drive a scooter if you have a driver’s license or probationary license bearing Class 5, 6A, 6B, or 6C.
Your scooter also needs to be registered in addition to having to pay the required fees to be authorized as a scooter operator.
But as I mentioned, there are eight provinces in Canada, and there are slight variations here and there. All the provinces have peculiar additions.
For instance, in Ontario, you will need a valid class license. But you will need an endorsement since there is no separate class of driver’s licenses for electric scooter riders.
On the other hand, there is a slight difference in electric scooter regulation in Quebec.
While the license is a requirement and the 500 watts maximum rating, your electric scooter can have up to three wheels.
In the Province of Alberta, cycling is regarded prevalent leisure activity and a means of transportation. Provincial laws govern the use of electric scooters in Alberta.
For instance, you are allowed to ride an electric scooter without a valid driver’s license. But you will be subjected to a specific speed limit. You must not exceed the speed of 32km/h.
The Province of British Columbia is the first province in Canada to legally authorize electric scooters on the highway.
Additionally, you do not need a driver’s license, insurance, or even vehicle registration.
Do You Need A License To Drive A 49cc Scooter In Ontario?
Yes, you need a driving license to drive a 49 cc scooter in Ontario.
While many people in Ontario are now riding the electric scooter due to its comfortability and environment friendliness.
Most scarcely know whether they require a license or not to drive an electric scooter. Fortunately, new rules in Ontario have permitted the use of electric scooters on roads.
However, there are some rules which need to be followed. For instance, you are not allowed to exceed the speed of 25km/h.
Again, riders must have a minimum age of 16, with electric scooters not permitted to exceed 45 kilograms.
And the electric scooters need to be rated on the higher side, 49 cc.
Driving a 49cc scooter(Amazon Link) needs at the very least an M-Class license that has a limited speed restriction. M without restrictions would be better.
You need your number plate (limited green speed), insurance, helmet, among other requirements.
If you ride a scooter in Canada without this license, you will be ticketed if the police catch up with you.
Trust me, one of the things you don’t want to get yourself into is getting ticketed because of using your scooter without the appropriate license.
Can You Kick Push An Electric Skateboard?
Yes, but only when the battery is depleted. The manufacturer provides a backup plan to ensure that you do not get grounded with your electric skateboard if your battery gets depleted.
But you cannot push your electric skateboard if the battery is powered. Doing this will not bear any fruit.
Therefore, if your electric skateboard’s battery dies, you will only need to kick push your board home.
But remember, how easy this is going to be will depend on your board’s drive system.
When you kick push a belt-driven electric skateboard, you will realize that there is a significant amount of drag, and it will not be easy to push.
Again, the wider/tighter the belt, the more the drag. This means you will have a harder time getting your board back home: a wider belt or tighter belt results in more drag.
At times, you might be forced to carry your board home. Therefore, if your board is hard to push, you better pay attention to the battery warnings as you ride.
This will be the best way to ensure that you will never need to kick push or carry your board home when the battery gets depleted.
Carrying your board home will make you forget any fun you had riding the board anyway!
On the other hand, if your skateboard is hub-driven, you will experience no drag at all when you get to the point of being required to kick push.
But a dual hub motor is harder to kick push.
Do Electric Unicycles Have Brakes?
The short answer will be, yes, electric unicycles have brakes. However, these are not conventional brakes as they use regenerative braking.
Instead of a rider pressing a pedal to stop, they only need to lean backward to decelerate the electric unicycle.
Once you lean backward, the motors will start to rotate in the opposite direction. As this happens, the wheels will rotate the motors, creating a form of resistance.
This resistance forms a form of kinetic energy that needs to be tapped and reused on the electric unicycle.
In the meantime, the motors turn into electric generators. But how does this happen? Well, the general build of a motor and a generator is the same.
When an electric motor gets powered, it rotates in one direction.
But if you spin the same motor, it will create a form of electromotive force that will be tapped as electricity storable in the battery.
Electric unicycles make use of this electric power produced when braking and store it in the battery for later use.
So, all-electric unicycles make use of regenerative braking to stop. Indeed, this happens to be the fundamental design popular with the gearless electric unicycles.
Regenerative braking makes use of the wheel reversing direction to provide brakes and power at the same time.
Most electric rideables are headed this way. This principle is based on the first law of thermodynamics, where energy lost needs to equal energy gained.
You might want to know that several benefits of regenerative braking are so popular with electric unicycles.
Remote-Less Electric Skateboards Types and Features
There are several remote-less electric skateboards. Let me discuss 5 of the best from the pack. The first one we are going to discuss is the Starkboard.
This happens to be as futuristic as the Marvel superhero.
The Starkboard was created by the Berlin start-up, which and can be controlled by shifting one’s weight to move it in either direction.
This is a two hub motor propelled and an AI-powered smart braking system. This braking system responds to human movement.
Thanks to a gyroscope sensor, weight sensor, and motion sensor detecting changes in a rider’s body position and adjusting the board’s movement accordingly.
You can realize an incline of 15% with this board, enjoying a speed of up to 19 mi (32 km/h) in addition to a range of 12 mi (20 km).
Another remote-less electric skateboard is the ZBoard. This board is designed to stop or accelerate if the rider leans backward or forward.
It has 2 models, including the ZBoard 2 Blue ($1,299) and the ZBoard 2 Pearl ($1,499).
The two ZBoards use lithium-ion batteries and come with integrated taillights and headlights, using large soft urethane wheels with the ability to withstand any terrain you ride on.
Another remote-less electric skateboard is the Inmotion K1 Remote-less Electric Skateboard that retails at $399.00.
It’s very light and has a built-in carrying grip. If you want to adjust the direction, you only need to tilt to the other side.
With your INMOTION K1, you do not need any remote controller, so hacking risks are eliminated. As long as the motors are not engaged, the wheels will spin freely.
This board will charge within 2 hours and at a speed of 15 km/hr, giving a range of 8 km.
Electric unicycles do not have internal brakes due to their built and design. They are meant to use a regenerative braking system, and this does not require internal brakes.